Drinking pills are well-known pharmaceutical compositions that are prescribed by narcologists to alcoholics for quick and effective relief from addiction. You can buy such drugs in a pharmacy or online store without any problems, but still, you should not experiment and carry out self-treatment since most medical formulations have many contraindications and side effects.
Alcohol-free pills taken without health consequences should be drunk to the patient in strict accordance with the instructions prescribed by the narcologist – otherwise, suppressing the desire to make alcohol, a person runs the risk of encountering dangerous side effects associated with alcohol toxins of internal organs. So, which the patient best uses pills for alcoholism, and how not to harm the health when taking them? The actions of most drugs for addiction based on the fact that they permanently block the processing of alcohol in the body, and thereby cause discomfort from ethanol instead of pleasure.
There are, however, substitution treatment drugs that help with the withdrawal, as well as opium receptor blockers. Popular antidepressants are also used in the treatment of alcoholism.
The advantages of drug treatment of alcoholism can be attributed, first of all, the lack of impact on the human psyche. It is not a secret that many people probably heard about changes in a person after coding was not carried out accurately enough. It happens that people break down the chains, become entirely unbearable, despotic, extremely irritable. The only drawback of drug treatment is the effect on the effects of addictive behavior, and not on the cause of them.
The conclusion suggests itself: to achieve a positive therapeutic effect requires an integrated approach to solving this problem. If a patient is given a pill for alcoholism, then this should be coupled with rehabilitation, psychotherapeutic help, or, if you like, a means of spiritual rebirth. And we must be clear to ourselves that “magic wands” are only in fairy tales. To cope with alcoholism requires a long, painstaking work of three parties: the doctor, the patient, and his relatives. And these three sides should not work like a swan, a crayfish and pike from a famous fable.
The selection of the safest method of treatment should be the responsibility of the psychiatrist-narcologist.
Antidepressants as a cure for alcoholism. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
As practice shows, people with low basal serotonin levels most often resort to alcohol. Serotonin is not a “hormone of happiness,” as it is called in magazines. First of all, it is a neurotransmitter, that is, a chemical that brain cells exchange information with. And he answers not only and not so much for happiness, but a considerable number of different emotions and states. Including it is established that serotonin participates in the reinforcing effects of alcohol. Low levels of serotonin lead to impulsive actions, often leading to alcoholism.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a modern group of antidepressants that are used (among other things) as medicine for alcoholism. Thanks to their action, the amount of serotonin transferred from cell to cell increases (if to put it simply), and this leads to a leveling of mood, a decrease in anxiety, vital anguish, apathy.
The most common side effects of SSRIs include insomnia, akathisia (restless restlessness), extrapyramidal disorders (increased parkinsonism or its appearance, increased muscle tone, in particular, chewing), headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, absence or decreased appetite, asthenia (physical weakness), fatigue, drowsiness, tremor (trembling), sweating. Irritability, aggressiveness, irritability, and nervousness are also possible.
Opium receptor blockers as a cure for alcoholism
Opium receptor blockers prevent an increase in the concentration of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the so-called “pathway of reward” in the brain. As a result, there is no euphoria when taking a regular dose of alcohol, which makes drunkenness meaningless: it’s the same as pouring vodka into a bucket.
The drugs of this short-acting group – naloxone, Narcan are used only in cases of acute poisoning with ethyl alcohol.
It is possible that shortly, people suffering from alcohol will be prescribed baclofen, a muscle relaxant that is now mandated to patients with multiple sclerosis. One of the first about the possibility of using baclofen for the treatment of alcoholism was reported in 2008 by French Cardiologist Olive Ameisen, who tested this drug for himself. He described in detail the personal experience of dealing with alcohol addiction in the book The Last Glass. After its publication, several studies were conducted in the country, during which the use of the drug in the treatment of alcoholism was studied. The results were awe-inspiring. After that, the French doctors began to appoint baclofen to alcoholics officially.
However, this practice has not yet become global – scientists from other countries continue to study the effects of muscle relaxant and its side effects. Recently published evidence suggests that the drug is indeed valid — 57 % of people suffering from alcoholism. After taking baclofen, began to drink less – in the placebo group, their share was only 37%.
Alcoholism is one of the most dangerous diseases causing physical disorders of the body and mental disorders. As a rule, the treatment of patients with addiction includes two main stages:
psychological assistance – conducting cerebral conversations about the dangers of alcohol and its harmful effects on human life and health;
drug caretaking various medications, including pills for alcoholism by prescription narcologist.
Numerous myths accompany drug treatment of alcoholism. Many people confuse means for the cure of alcohol dependence and remedies for a hangover. The first group of drugs eliminates the craving for alcohol, and the second group helps to reduce and quickly get rid of hangover symptoms such as nausea, headache and a feeling of weakness.
All tablets of alcohol dependence can be divided into three groups.
The first group includes drugs that cause alcohol intolerance:
Disulfiram, aka Teturam, Antabus or Abstinil (Poland). The action of these tablets is to block the enzymes responsible for the breakdown of alcohol in the blood. After taking the medication, consumed alcohol causes immediate nausea, vomiting, headache, and palpitations. The peculiarity of such drugs is that they have a specific metallic taste, so it is impossible to give them to the patient without his knowledge.
Esperal (France). Analogue of the domestic drug Disulfiram.
Levin (France). The drug contains the active ingredient disulfiram and vitamins adenine and nicotinamide, due to which the drug has a less toxic effect on the nervous system.
Colme (Spain) is a medicine in the form of a drinking solution; the main active ingredient is cyanamide. The drug affects similar to taking disulfiram. At the same time, it has neither taste nor smell, which allows it to be added to food or beverages even without the consent of the patient.
Ten long 250 (Russia) – intramuscular injection. The main active ingredient is disulfiram, which is characterized by slow absorption. The main advantage of the drug is the possibility of using it to combat not only alcoholism but also drug addiction.
The second group includes drugs that reduce cravings for alcohol.
The third group includes drugs whose action is aimed at relieving the hangover syndrome and withdrawal from hard drinking: Alcazeltser (Germany), Medichronal (Ukraine).
Before taking medications you should remember about possible side effects – the occurrence of metallic taste, nausea, vomiting, memory loss, drowsiness, fatigue, confusion, headache, allergic rashes on the skin, lower blood pressure, epileptic seizures, and severe cramps. Therefore, the use of any of these medicines is possible only after consulting the attending physician. He will be able to determine the possibility of using the tool, explain the mechanism of its operation and warn of possible consequences. In any case, it is worth remembering that pills are not a panacea for alcoholism. Such a severe disease should be treated comprehensively and only under the supervision of professionals.
Scientists, however, note that the drug has serious side effects – its high doses can provoke insomnia, depression, increased anxiety, frequent mood swings, drowsiness. Some patients had psychotic episodes, muscle spasms, night sweats, and changes in hearing and taste perception. Side effects occur very often – 88% of patients reported at least one undesirable consequence associated with taking baclofen. The authors of one of the studies state that the risk of side effects is directly related to how much alcohol the patient consumed before treatment and how high the dose of baclofen he had to be prescribed.
Six things that will happen to the body when you give up alcohol
Not all researchers consider baclofen effective in the treatment of alcohol dependence. A group of Dutch scientists in 2016 concluded that baclofen is no more effective than psychotherapy, and therefore the need for prescribing this medicine is questionable. On the other hand, it can be specified to those patients who are not going to apply for psychosocial support. On the other hand, the researchers note, such a high frequency of side effects does not allow to appoint it as widely as it is now happening in France.